Percentage of individuals recognized as transgender and non-binary sex in Brazil



Studies estimate that gender-diverse individuals represent 0.1 to 2per cent of populations examined, but no such assessment ended up being done in Latin America. In a representative test of Brazil’s adult population (n = 6000), we investigated individuals’ sociodemographic traits and feasible associations between these and present sex identification, categorized as cisgender, transgender or gender that is non-binary. We additionally investigated transgender people’ stress related to gender-related human body faculties. As primary outcomes, we discovered that transgender people represented 0.69per cent (CI95% = 0.48–0.90) associated with test, whereas non-binary individuals had been 1.19per cent (CI95per cent = 0.92–1.47). These percentages are not various among Brazil’s 5 geographical areas. Initial analyses revealed that transgender people had been on normal younger (32.8 В± 14.2 years, CI95per cent = 28.5–37.1), in comparison to cisgender (42.2 В± 15.9, CI95% = 42.5–42.8) and non-binary (42.1 В± 16.5 years, CI95per cent = 38.3–46.5) teams. Non-binary individuals are less likely to want to maintain a relationship in comparison to cisgender individuals (OR = 0.57, CI95% = 0.35–0.93). Into the transgender team, 85% of transgender males and 50% of transgender females reported stress as a result of body that is gender-related. Our primary findings draw attention that gender-diverse Brazilian individuals represent around 2percent for the nation’s adult populace (very nearly 3 million individuals), and therefore are homogeneously situated through the nation, reiterating the urgency of general general general public wellness policies of these people within the five sub-regions that are brazilian.


Transgender (TG) is an umbrella term that defines individuals who identify with a sex that is different or incongruent through the one assigned in their mind at delivery 1 . Non-binary sex (NBG), having said that, is definitely an umbrella term that defines those that feel their gender identification is outside or in between male and female identities, e.g. a person whom experiences both identities or neither 2 . The boundaries among the list of kinds of sex identity often overlap. For example, the expression gender-nonconforming (GNC) defines people whoever sex identification, part, or phrase varies from what exactly is anticipated when it comes to socially accepted genders (usually, woman or man) in a provided tradition and offered time 3 . Sex assigned at delivery is usually according to real intercourse traits in a way that is binary male individuals are assigned guys, whereas feminine folks are assigned ladies 1 )

The estimated proportion of gender-diverse people (those who find themselves maybe maybe maybe not cisgender) differs between 0.1 and 2% associated with the population, according to the addition requirements and where in fact the studies had been held 4 . Most studies that are epidemiological gender-diverse individuals evaluated people who had been currently addressed or called for therapy at gender-affirming health care facilities 5 . Nonetheless, available information may underestimate how many people who have sex incongruence as much are reluctant to look for assistance. This can be because of pity, self-esteem problems, present social morals affecting aggressive therapy against them, economic issues, not enough help and for maybe perhaps perhaps not being conscious of their very own gender-diverse identification. The possibility of losing household support, work and relationships likewise have a direct impact in the choice to find professional help 5,6,7,8 , that might be particularly difficult for all those surviving in places where discrimination may be the norm 9 . It’s also well well well worth noting that the percentage of people pinpointing as gender-diverse exceeds the projected amount of people whom get gender-affirming medical attention 3,5,10 , because not totally all gender-diverse people want medical interventions.

Just a few studies identify the percentage of gender variety within the general populace based on self-report 11 . Aside from calculating the percentage of gender-diverse individuals, a report shows a rise in the amount of us residents who identify as TG into the decade that is last . In addition they suggest the necessity of both informing the people about sex variety 3 and doing research that is carried out in examples which are diverse regarding age, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status 13 . There was proof that low academic and levels that are socioeconomic negative wellness implications from the TG populace 14 . Studies additionally highlight the requirement for college counselors and health care professionals to anticipate to give you the support necessary for this combined set of people 15 .

TG people in a lot of nations reside in the margins of society 9 . They suffer discrimination, social stigma, exclusion and frequently have life that is traumatic. They will have little use of training and work, frequently belong to lower social classes, have actually less usage of healthcare and possess smaller lifespans 9 . A us research revealed that TG folks have reduced socioeconomic status despite of experiencing advanced schooling amounts 16 . Nevertheless, a present research discovered that the group’s education attainment is gloomier than their cisgender counterparts 17 . Latin America had the best incidences of physical violence against TG individuals in the field. Seventy-eight per cent of most murders focusing on this populace happened in Latin America 18 , & most of those in Brazil 19 .

It is vital to gauge the percentage of gender-diverse individuals into the populace, so that you can drive and notify health that is public and raise awareness on matters that affect these people. This is basically the very very very very first study that is population-based Brazilian grownups, planning to calculate the sheer number of gender-diverse people in the nation; along with to preliminarily explain their sociodemographic traits and self-reported stress pertaining to their health.


Research population and design

Brazil is a big nation, with 26 states (each using its very own money city and metropolitan area), and a district that is federal. The states are grouped in five regions that are geographicalNorth, Northeast, Midwest, Southeast and Southern). The people is distributed as follows: North 8%, Northeast 26%, Midwest 7%, Southeast 44%, and Southern 15%. Fifty-eight percent of Brazilians inhabit towns, whereas 42% are now living in the countryside. The predicted adult populace had been 158,000,000 individuals 20 .